Lung Cancer Causes

The main cause of lung cancer is smoking, although non-smokers can also develop the condition. Smoking and other risk factors for lung cancer are described below. Smoking is the cause of lung cancer in more than 90% of cases and is the single biggest risk factor for lung cancer. There are more than 60 different toxins in tobacco smoke that can […]

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Breastfeeding and Hormones

There are several hormones that regulate the making and ejection of milk from human breasts as well as from the breasts of all female mammals after childbirth. The initiation of breastfeeding in all mammals including humans is an effort from both the mother and the baby. For example while human mothers hold their baby close to their breast while attempting […]

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Heart Attack Treatment

A heart attack is a medical emergency and needs to be diagnosed and treated immediately to increase the chance of a patient surviving. When a patient presents with a heart attack, an ambulance should be called and critical care services alerted as soon as possible. On admission to hospital, the treatment approach to heart attack depends on several factors. An […]

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Heart Attack Treatment

A heart attack is a medical emergency and needs to be diagnosed and treated immediately to increase the chance of a patient surviving. When a patient presents with a heart attack, an ambulance should be called and critical care services alerted as soon as possible. On admission to hospital, the treatment approach to heart attack depends on several factors. An […]

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Cerebral Palsy Diagnosis

Cerebral palsy diagnosis and screening is based on suspicion especially if there have been a risk of injury to the baby’s brain before, during or after birth. Diagnosis is made with the help of a paediatrician or a specialist in pediatric neurology. Diagnosis and detection of cerebral palsy The steps in diagnosis and detection of cerebral palsy include: Detailed history […]

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Prostate Cancer

Prostate cancer is one of the most common cancers in men, with more than 40,000 new cases diagnosed every year in the UK. This is usually a slow growing cancer and most men do not notice the symptoms until the cancer has become large enough to press against the urethra and interfere with urination. Symptoms of prostate cancer The most […]

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What Causes High Blood Pressure?

Blood pressure is the term used to describe the pressure exerted on the arterial walls as blood flows through them. This pressure is at its highest when the heart contracts and pumps blood through the arteries and is called the systolic pressure. Blood pressure is measured in millimetres of mercury (mm Hg) and a healthy systolic blood pressure reading is […]

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Secondary Osteoporosis

Osteoporosis is rare in children and adolescents and when it does occur, it is usually caused by an underlying medical disorder or by medications used to treat the disorder. This is called secondary osteoporosis – sometimes, however, there is no identifiable cause of osteoporosis in a child and this is known as idiopathic osteoporosis. Whatever the causes, juvenile osteoporosis can […]

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What is Brachytherapy?

Brachytherapy is a form of internal radiation therapy that uses ionizing radiation to kill cancer cells and shrink tumors. It is often used in combination with chemotherapy drugs to decrease the risk of cancer recurring. Brachytherapy involves the placement of radiation sources nearby or inside a tumor. These radioisotopes may be contained inside seeds, ribbons or wires and allows a […]

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What is Vitamin K?

Vitamin K is a group of fat-soluble vitamins required for the synthesis of proteins needed for blood coagulation and for calcium binding in bones and other tissues. These proteins undergo modification by vitamin K, which allows them to bind calcium ions. This is essential to control bleeding and without vitamin K, bleeding disorders occur. The bones may also become weak […]

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