Some forms of childhood malnutrition, stunting may be preventable with vaccines

Diarrhea is no longer the killer it was in the mid-20th century, when an estimated 4.5 million children under age 5 died of it every year. While lifesaving oral rehydration therapy turned the tide, it doesn’t prevent infection. Millions of children in low- and middle-income countries still endure repeated bouts of diarrhea that weaken their bodies and leave them vulnerable […]

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What Ancient DNA Can Tell Us About Infectious Diseases?

IntroductionTracing the Evolutionary History of Diseases through Ancient DNAExtraction, Detection, and Preservation of Pathogen Ancient DNAWhy is it Important to Continue Ancient DNA Research?SourcesFurther Reading Detailed studies of ancient DNA have provided important insights into the origins and history of infectious diseases. These studies have bettered the understanding of past human disease manifestations (e.g. leprosy, malaria, and tuberculosis). Additionally, it […]

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What is Bladder Exstrophy-Epispadias-Cloacal Exstrophy Complex?

BEECCause and symptomsEpidemiologyDiagnosis and treatmentReferencesFurther reading Bladder exstrophy-epispadias-cloacal exstrophy complex is the most severe form of the BEEC (Bladder exstrophy-epispadias complex), constituting 10% of all the cases. In this condition, an abdominal wall defect causes bladder and large intestine extrusion, leading to anal, genital, and colon abnormalities. BEEC is a rare, congenital, multisystemic condition and involves anomalies in the musculoskeletal, […]

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How Much Sleep do People Need?

IntroductionWhy is Sleep Important?How Much Sleep is Needed?What are the Signs of Sleep Deprivation?How to Improve Sleeping Time and Quality References Further Reading Good quality sleep is essential for optimal mental and physical functioning. The amount of sleep required for a healthy life varies with age. A lack of sleep can significantly affect the health of people with chronic diseases. Healthy sleep. […]

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Podcast: Giving stroke patients a hand

A new episode of our podcast, “Show Me the Science,” has been posted. In addition to reporting on the state of the COVID-19 pandemic, these episodes feature stories about groundbreaking research, as well as lifesaving and just plain cool work involving faculty, staff and students at the School of Medicine. Brain-computer interfaces connect activity in the brain to an external […]

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Origins of Antibiotic Resistance

IntroductionEvolutionary Roots of the Problem of SustainabilityHow does Antibiotic Resistance Develop and Spread?The Invention of AntibioticsClassifications of AntibioticsResponse from the World Health OrganisationReferencesFurther Reading Antibiotic resistance is a pressing issue that has been brought to the attention of the scientific community in recent times by the discoverer of the structure of DNA, James Watson. Antibiotic resistance. Image Credit: Fahroni/Shutterstock.com In […]

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What is Blue Rubber Bleb Nevus Syndrome?

Blue Rubber Bleb Nevus Syndrome (BRBNS), also known as bean syndrome, is an extremely rare and severe condition. It has a heterogeneous spectrum of clinical features involving multiple venous malformations of the skin and internal organs (liver, heart, spleen). It is a congenital vascular disease with various phenotypic patterns. BRBNS is most common in childhood and adolescence, with only a […]

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What is Subglottic Stenosis?

Subglottic stenosis (SGS) is a condition in which the airway below the subglottis and above the trachea narrows. It can be either congenital or acquired. Subglottic stenosis is a condition that can affect newborns, toddlers, and adults. A developmental failure during pregnancy is thought to be the cause of congenital SGS. It is usually caused by an iatrogenic injury caused […]

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What is Brown Syndrome?

Brown syndrome (BS) is a rare ocular motility disorder characterized by a limitation of elevation in adduction of the eye.  Patients with BS can have a widening of the palpebral fissure in adduction, divergence in upgaze, and hypotropia in primary position, in addition to the limitation of elevation in adduction (LEA). Anomalies of the superior oblique (SO) tendon or the […]

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What is Telepsychiatry?

Telemedicine is a practice of providing medical care from a distance using technology, most commonly by videoconferencing. Telepsychiatry, a segment of telemedicine, can include psychiatric evaluations, patient education, therapy (group therapy, individual therapy, and family therapy), and medication management. Image Credit: Julia Lazebnaya/Shutterstock Telepsychiatry can entail direct interaction between a psychiatrist and a patient. It also includes psychiatrists who provide […]

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