Calculated surprise leads to groundbreaking discovery in cognitive control research

Humans control their behavior in numerous ways, from stopping the urge pick at a scab to resisting the impulse to eat an entire box of chocolates. Suppressing undesired behavior, referred to as “cognitive control,” traditionally has been linked to the functioning of the dorsal anterior cingulate cortex (dACC) in the front of the brain. Activity in dACC is observed across […]

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Fat cell discovery could help combat obesity-related health issues

Researchers have discovered differences in fat cells that could potentially identify people predisposed to metabolic diseases such as diabetes and fatty liver disease. The world-first discovery also identified ‘fast burning’ fat cells that if unlocked might help people lose weight. About 70 per cent of Australians are overweight or obese, which has been linked to metabolic disease risk. The University […]

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Discovery could improve cystic fibrosis treatment

Researchers exploring the effects of a long-standing treatment for cystic fibrosis have discovered a potential new target for drugs to treat the disease, which has no cure and typically cuts decades off the lives of patients. The research, a collaboration between the University of Saskatchewan in Canada and UC Berkeley, is based on a unique method developed by the Canadian […]

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Discovery of enhanced bone growth could lead to new treatments for osteoporosis

UCLA and UC San Francisco life scientists have discovered a dramatic pattern of bone growth in female mice—research that could potentially lead to stronger bone density in women and new treatments for osteoporosis in older women. The researchers found that blocking a particular set of signals from a small number of neurons in the brain causes female, but not male, […]

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Discovery may lead to safer drugs to save more women in childbirth

Postpartum hemorrhaging is the world’s leading cause of death for women during and after childbirth, and the third-leading cause in the United States alone. Many doctors in developing countries have turned to the drug misoprostol to save more women from deadly bleeding. Misoprostol, although affordable, has dangerous side effects, including uterine cramping, heart attack, toxicity in the brain and spinal […]

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Insulin discovery a game-changer for improving diabetes treatments

An international collaboration co-led by researchers at the Walter and Eliza Hall Institute has made a discovery that could make therapeutic insulins more effective by better mimicking the way insulin works in the body. The findings could improve treatments for diabetes, a disease that impacts the lives of millions of people worldwide. Published today in Nature Communications, the study reveals […]

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