Diabetes prevalence varies by race, ethnicity

(HealthDay)—The prevalence of diabetes and undiagnosed diabetes varies by race/ethnicity and among subgroups within the adult Hispanic and non-Hispanic Asian populations, according to a study published in the Dec. 24/31 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association. Yiling J. Cheng, M.D., Ph.D., from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in Atlanta, and colleagues used data from […]

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Type 1 diabetes: A new starting point to delay autoimmune response

Regulatory T cells (Tregs) prevent excessive immune reactions in healthy people. In the development of autoimmune type 1 diabetes, this protection is not sufficiently effective. Researchers at Helmholtz Zentrum München and LMU Munich have now deciphered a mechanism that impairs Treg differentiation and stability. In the study, when researchers inhibited the molecule that triggers this mechanism, an increased number of […]

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Good aerobic fitness doesn’t protect children against type 2 diabetes, staying active does

It is a generally accepted idea that good aerobic fitness reduces the risk of type 2 diabetes, and it has also been thought to protect against other obesity-induced adverse changes in the glucose metabolism. However, this idea is based on studies whose methodology does not allow a distinction between the roles of aerobic fitness and body fat percentage as risk […]

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A common insulin signaling pathway across cancer and diabetes

An oncology researcher has made an unexpected contribution to the understanding of type 2 diabetes. In results published in Science Advances, Patrick Hu, M.D., associate professor of medicine at Vanderbilt University Medical Center, found a protein that modulates a signaling pathway often targeted by cancer therapies is also required for insulin biogenesis. Hu and colleagues showed a protein controlling the […]

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Study finds problems with gestational diabetes test in rural areas

A number of pregnant women in rural and remote areas may be missing out on being diagnosed with gestational diabetes due to problems with blood testing, according to new research by The University of Western Australia, Kimberley Aboriginal Medical Services and member services. Associate Professor Julia Marley from UWA’s Medical School said it was possible that two out three women […]

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Practical Steps to Prevent Diabetes

So, do you want to hear the good news or the bad news first? Okay, here’s the bad news—type 2 diabetes is on the rise in the United States, with more than 100 million adults living with diabetes or prediabetes, according to a 2017 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention report. The good news? Type 2 diabetes can be prevented […]

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Diabetes advances poised to help manage blood sugar after meals

Mealtimes can become a difficult experience for individuals with diabetes. After a meal, blood sugar levels may soar as the food digests or unexpectedly plummet if an insulin dose was more than the meal required. The Endocrine Society convened a panel of diabetes experts to examine how advances in medications, lifestyle changes and technologies can help manage the challenges associated […]

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Fat mass index, not BMI, associated with cardiovascular events in people with diabetes

In people with diabetes, fat mass index, not body mass index (BMI), is associated with a higher risk of cardiovascular events, according to new research in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal). Heart disease is a major cause of death worldwide, and obesity is a major risk factor. Body mass index, a common measure of obesity, has been recently shown to […]

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Certain genetic variants predispose patients with diabetes to kidney disease

In an unprecedented scale, researchers have begun to unravel the genetics that may predispose some individuals to develop kidney disease once they have diabetes, independent of the degree of blood sugar control. The findings appear in an upcoming issue of JASN. Many individuals with type 1 diabetes develop kidney disease despite adequate blood sugar control, while others maintain normal kidney […]

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