New drug slashes death rates among drug-resistant TB patients: scientists

Credit: CC0 Public Domain A new treatment for a deadly drug-resistant strain of tuberculosis can cure more than 90 percent of sufferers, according to a landmark clinical trial whose results were revealed exclusively to AFP. Doctors in Belarus—a country with one of the world’s highest rates of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis—treated 181 patients with the new drug, bedaquiline, in combination with other […]

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Study reveals large regional variations on future trends of diabetes dependent on if obesity rates are tackled

New research presented at this year’s annual meeting of the European Association for the Study of Diabetes (EASD) in Berlin looks into the rising prevalence of both obesity and type 2 diabetes (T2D) around the world and estimates the population that will likely be affected by both conditions over the coming decades. The research conducted by University College London, Steno […]

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Perinatal mortality rates remain unchanged from 2014 to 2016

(HealthDay)—Rates of perinatal mortality remained unchanged from 2014 to 2016, according to an August data brief published by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s National Center for Health Statistics. Elizabeth C.W. Gregory, M.P.H., from the National Center for Health Statistics in Hyattsville, Md., and colleagues used data from the National Vital Statistics System to assess trends in perinatal […]

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Five-year stroke rates lower after PCI versus CABG

(HealthDay)—Stroke rates are lower at 30 days and five years after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) than after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), according to a study published in the July 24 issue of the Journal of the American College of Cardiology. Stuart J. Head, M.D., Ph.D., from Erasmus Medical Center in Rotterdam, Netherlands, and colleagues conducted a collaborative individual patient-data […]

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Early, intensive treatment of RA offers long-term benefits, may normalise mortality rates

The results of a 23-year, follow-up study presented today at the Annual European Congress of Rheumatology (EULAR 2018) suggest early, intensive treatment of rheumatoid arthritis has long-term benefits including the normalisation of mortality to levels consistent with the general population. “We know that the adverse effects of rheumatoid arthritis on the body only become truly apparent after more than a […]

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Addressing parents’ HPV vaccine hesitancy ups vaccination rates

(HealthDay)—Providers engaging parents hesitant about human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination and addressing their concerns can lead to same-day vaccinations, according to a study published online May 15 in Pediatrics. Laura A. Shay, Ph.D., from the University of Texas in San Antonio, and colleagues audio-recorded 43 visits with unvaccinated adolescents at six pediatric clinics in which parents were undecided about HPV vaccination. […]

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Type 2 diabetes slowly rising in Auckland kids – Pacific and Māori have highest rates

New research shows increasing numbers of children and teens under-15 in Auckland are developing type 2 diabetes, and that rates among Pacific and Māori children are up to 18 times higher than for European children. The findings are based on 21 years of patient records from Starship Paediatric Diabetes Service. Says study lead Dr. Craig Jefferies: “People still don’t think […]

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