Conception by IVF may increase risk for rare childhood cancer

(HealthDay)—There is a small association between conception by in vitro fertilization (IVF) and childhood cancer, particularly hepatic tumors, according to a study published online April 1 in JAMA Pediatrics. Logan G. Spector, Ph.D., from the University of Minnesota in Minneapolis, and colleagues used data from the Society for Assisted Reproductive Technology Clinical Outcomes Reporting System on IVF cycles that resulted […]

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Cannabis during pregnancy bumps psychosis risk in offspring

Pregnant women who use cannabis may slightly increase the risk their unborn child will develop psychosis later in life, suggests new research from Washington University in St. Louis. “Our research shows that prenatal marijuana exposure after maternal knowledge of pregnancy is associated with a small increase in psychosis proneness during middle childhood or about age 10,” said Jeremy Fine, an […]

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Mothers of fussy babies at higher risk of depressive symptoms

It’s no secret that fussy newborns can be especially challenging for parents already facing physical and mental exhaustion from caring for a new baby. But now science backs up the impact on parents: The less soothable the infant, the more distressed the mother. Mothers of highly irritable infants experience greater depressive symptoms, according to new University of Michigan-led research. The […]

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Higher intake of whole grains may lower risk for liver cancer

(HealthDay)—Higher intake of whole grains may be associated with a lower risk for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) among U.S. adults, according to a study published online Feb. 21 in JAMA Oncology. Wanshui Yang, Ph.D., from Anhui Medical University in Hefei, China, and colleagues assessed the associations between whole grain and dietary fiber (cereal, fruit, and vegetable) intake and the risk for […]

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Do soccer players have an increased risk of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis?

Playing professional soccer may be linked to an increased risk of developing amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), according to a preliminary study released today that will be presented at the American Academy of Neurology’s 71st Annual Meeting in Philadelphia, May 4 to 10, 2019. The study also found that soccer players may develop the disease 21 years earlier than people in […]

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Genetic variations in a fourth gene linked to elevated leukemia risk in Hispanic children

St. Jude Children’s Research Hospital scientists have identified genetic variations in a fourth gene that are associated with an increased risk of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) in Hispanic children. The research appears today in the journal Blood. The gene is ERG, a transcription factor that is also mutated in the leukemic cells of some ALL patients. In this study, researchers […]

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Genetic risk for ADHD manifests in brain structure in childhood

There is only scant scientific evidence available on whether the genetic risk for developing specific psychiatric disorders or cognitive traits is manifest in brain structure from childhood, and to date, studies have focused primarily on adult populations. The question remains unanswered. New evidence has now been provided by a study led by a researcher from the Barcelona Institute for Global […]

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Statin therapy reduces risk for diabetic retinopathy in T2DM

(HealthDay)—For Taiwanese patients with type 2 diabetes and dyslipidemia, statin therapy is associated with a reduced risk for diabetic retinopathy, according to a study published online Jan. 10 in JAMA Ophthalmology. Eugene Yu-Chuan Kang, M.D., from the Chang Gung Memorial Hospital in Taoyuan, Taiwan, and colleagues examined the correlation between statin therapy and development of diabetic retinopathy in patients with […]

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PPIs combined with oral anticoagulants reduce risk of gastrointestinal bleeding

A Vanderbilt University Medical Center (VUMC) study published today in JAMA shows that patients already at higher risk for gastrointestinal bleeding gain a marked protection from this risk when they take a proton pump inhibitor (PPI) in combination with an oral anticoagulant. Oral anticoagulants, which prevent blood clot formation, are among the most widely prescribed medications in the United States. […]

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