Conception by IVF may increase risk for rare childhood cancer

(HealthDay)—There is a small association between conception by in vitro fertilization (IVF) and childhood cancer, particularly hepatic tumors, according to a study published online April 1 in JAMA Pediatrics. Logan G. Spector, Ph.D., from the University of Minnesota in Minneapolis, and colleagues used data from the Society for Assisted Reproductive Technology Clinical Outcomes Reporting System on IVF cycles that resulted […]

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Diet high in leucine may fuel breast cancer’s drug resistance

About one in eight women in the United States will develop breast cancer in their lifetime. The vast majority of these cancers rely on the hormone estrogen to grow. Estrogen-receptor positive (ER+) breast cancer tumors are frequently treated with the drug tamoxifen, which blocks the hormone’s effect on the tumor. However, many tumors eventually become resistant to tamoxifen, allowing cancer […]

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ICU patients with non-brain-related injuries may suffer undetected cognitive dysfunction

A new study led by Western University and Lawson Health Research Institute has found that most patients entering hospital intensive care units (ICU) for non-brain-related injuries or ailments also suffer from some level of related cognitive dysfunction that currently goes undetected in most cases. The findings were published today in the influential scientific journal, PLOS ONE. Many patients spend time […]

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Metastatic prostate cancer may have its own biomarker, research finds

Prostate cancer can grow slowly and pose little threat to patients, or it can metastasize quickly, causing severe pain and death. But as of now, it’s nearly impossible to determine which type of cancer a patient has during the early stages. Now, University at Buffalo researchers and scientists from Moscow State University are collaborating to determine how a biomarker for […]

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Bacteria-mimicking particles may help treat infectious diseases

Unique particles modified to mimic bacteria may provide a better means of treating infectious diseases, such as tuberculosis. Assistant Professor Joshua Reineke of the South Dakota State University Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences and his team modified microparticles, known as metal organic frameworks (MOFs), developed by a research group in France. Other researchers have explored MOFs as a drug-delivery system to […]

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Air pollution may impact fetal cardiovascular system, study says

Microscopic particles in air pollution inhaled by pregnant women may damage fetal cardiovascular development, according to a study by Rutgers researchers. The study, published in the journal Cardiovascular Toxicology, found that early in the first trimester and late in the third trimester were critical windows during which pollutants most affect the mother’s and fetus’ cardiovascular systems. “These findings suggest that […]

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Higher intake of whole grains may lower risk for liver cancer

(HealthDay)—Higher intake of whole grains may be associated with a lower risk for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) among U.S. adults, according to a study published online Feb. 21 in JAMA Oncology. Wanshui Yang, Ph.D., from Anhui Medical University in Hefei, China, and colleagues assessed the associations between whole grain and dietary fiber (cereal, fruit, and vegetable) intake and the risk for […]

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