Practices for reducing COPD hospital readmissions explored

(HealthDay)—Communication, implementation of guidelines, and improved identification of risk factors may help reduce chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) hospital readmissions, according to a report published in the February issue of the Annals of the American Thoracic Society. Valerie G. Press, M.D., M.P.H., from the University of Chicago, and colleagues address the current best practices and models to identify approaches with […]

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Diattenuation imaging—a promising imaging technique for brain research

A new imaging method provides structural information about brain tissue that was previously difficult to access. Diattenuation Imaging (DI), developed by scientists at Forschungszentrum Jülich and the University of Groningen, allows researchers to differentiate regions with many thin nerve fibres from regions with few thick nerve fibres. With current imaging methods, these tissue types cannot easily be distinguished. The DI […]

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Patterns of joint behavior useful for juvenile arthritis classification

(HealthDay)—An algorithm that can classify patients with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) into seven distinct groups based on patterns of swollen or painful joints in the body can help predict disease course, according to a study published online Feb. 26 in PLOS Medicine. Simon W.M. Eng, from the University of Toronto, and colleagues used unsupervised machine learning to uncover data-driven joint […]

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Higher intake of whole grains may lower risk for liver cancer

(HealthDay)—Higher intake of whole grains may be associated with a lower risk for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) among U.S. adults, according to a study published online Feb. 21 in JAMA Oncology. Wanshui Yang, Ph.D., from Anhui Medical University in Hefei, China, and colleagues assessed the associations between whole grain and dietary fiber (cereal, fruit, and vegetable) intake and the risk for […]

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Dry eye disease and diabetes: New study reveals scale of issue and need for screening

Credit: Shutterstock Diabetes is a debilitating health condition which is expected to reach epidemic proportions in the next 20 years. According to the World Health Organisation, 108m people around the world had diabetes in 1980; by 2014 that figure was 422m. Three years later in 2017, 425m people worldwide were living with the disease and this figure is expected to […]

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New nanomedicines for a more efficient and less aggressive treatment of prostate cancer

In Europe, prostate cancer is the most common type of cancer among men with an incidence greater than 100 cases per 100,000 individuals. Furthermore, it is currently the second most common cause of cancer-related deaths among men. This pathology mainly affects elderly men: nine in 10 deaths take place after 65 years of age. Therefore, it represents a very serious […]

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Having a sense of meaning in life is good for you. So how do you get one?

The pursuit of happiness and health is a popular endeavour, as the preponderance of self-help books would attest. Yet it is also fraught. Despite ample advice from experts, individuals regularly engage in activities that may only have short-term benefit for well-being, or even backfire. The search for the heart of well-being – that is, a nucleus from which other aspects […]

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Does that medicine work for women? Why signing up for a medical study could be your next feminist move

You’ve marched in the Women’s March, cheered for women in Congress, grappled with the wide-ranging implications of the MeToo movement, talked with your kids (of both genders) about sexual harassment. Wait—did you forget to sign up for a medical study? In the new pantheon of Women’s Causes We Care About, inclusion in medical research has often ranked somewhere below concern […]

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