Metastatic prostate cancer may have its own biomarker, research finds

Prostate cancer can grow slowly and pose little threat to patients, or it can metastasize quickly, causing severe pain and death. But as of now, it’s nearly impossible to determine which type of cancer a patient has during the early stages. Now, University at Buffalo researchers and scientists from Moscow State University are collaborating to determine how a biomarker for […]

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Knowledge of female genital schistosomiasis lacking in Ghana, study finds

Urogenital schistosomiasis (US), a chronic parasitic disease, is endemic in Ghana and policymakers have undertaken efforts to control it, largely through mass drug administration of praziquantel given to school-aged children. Now, researchers reporting in PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases have found that awareness of Female Genital Schistosomiasis (FGS), a specific gender manifestation of US, is lacking, which affects the ability to […]

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AI and MRIs at birth can predict cognitive development at age two, study finds

Researchers at the University of North Carolina School of Medicine used MRI brain scans and machine learning techniques at birth to predict cognitive development at age 2 years with 95 percent accuracy. “This prediction could help identify children at risk for poor cognitive development shortly after birth with high accuracy,” said senior author John H. Gilmore, MD, Thad and Alice […]

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Study finds depression in millennials on the rise

New research, conducted by the University of Liverpool and University College London, has found that young people today are more likely to be depressed and to self-harm than they were 10 years ago, but antisocial behaviour and substance use – often thought to go hand-in-hand with mental ill-health – are in decline. Instead, the study, published in the International Journal […]

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Japanese study finds concerning trends in cervical cancer and treatment response

Cervical cancer rates can be greatly reduced through preventive measures against the human papillomavirus (HPV) along with proactive cancer screening. Japan may be showing how ignoring that knowledge could prove hazardous, as it is the only advanced economy in which the cervical cancer rate is increasing. New research adds further nuance to this situation. Researchers centered at Osaka University examined […]

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Waiting longer for mental health care may help college students, report finds

As the demand for mental health services among college students nearly doubled over the last decade, advocates championed a common refrain: get students into treatment now. Students, parents and mental health experts feared that a student left untreated might harm themselves or others. Many universities responded by increasing counselors’ caseloads and funneling resources into urgent care. But a report released […]

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Exercise, diet and wellness apps are powerful learning resources for young people, study finds

Research undertaken at the University of Birmingham has found that young people are able to judge which health related apps are relevant to their age and bodies, are able to source appropriate digital content as well as dismiss app content that might be harmful to them. The research published today (Wednesday 7th November 2018) in the journal Learning, Media and […]

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Immune cells trigger OCD-like behaviour in multiple sclerosis, study finds

A class of cells that defends the body against invaders also triggers obsessive-compulsive behaviour that appears in autoimmune disorders such as multiple sclerosis (MS), a new study from the Indian Institute of Science (IISc) has found. Autoimmune disorders, in which the body’s immune system goes rogue and attacks healthy cells, are difficult to treat. MS, for example, is a debilitating […]

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New study finds evidence of brain injuries in football players at surprisingly young age

There have been more and more cases confirming that repeated hits to the head have lifelong consequences for professional football players, but a new study by Orlando Health in collaboration with the Concussion Neuroimaging Consortium finds evidence of lasting effects from head injuries at a much younger age than expected. The study tested biomarkers in the blood called microRNA’s and […]

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Behavioral risk factors for depression vary with age, study finds

Behavioral risk factors including smoking, obesity, limited physical activity and a less healthy diet strongly predict the likelihood of depression—and that likelihood increases with each additional risk factor a person possesses. Additionally, the risk factors most strongly linked to depression change with age. Previous studies had identified behavioral risk factors for depression, but it was unclear how these variables changed […]

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