Calcifications in the eye increase risk for progression to advanced AMD by more than six times

Calcified nodules in the retina are associated with progression to late stages of age-related macular degeneration (AMD). Experts from Queen’s University Belfast, working in partnership with the University of Alabama of Birmingham and in collaboration with UK material scientists and US clinical ophthalmology practices, made the ground-breaking discovery that the calcified nodules in the retina – the thin layer of […]

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Breast cancer’s deadliness is influenced by genes

An international team of scientists have confirmed that both rare and common mutations of our genes are linked to the development of breast cancer, including tumour characteristics and corresponding deadliness. Interestingly, they discovered that the rare mutations were linked to more aggressive tumours, while the common mutations were associated with less aggressive tumour characteristics. The study was led by Dr. […]

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Pneumonia-causing bacteria can be spread by nose picking and rubbing

Pneumonia-causing bacteria can be spread through picking and rubbing the nose, according to new research published in the European Respiratory Journal. Pneumococcus, the bacteria that can cause pneumonia, is known to be spread through inhalation of airborne droplets containing the bacteria, for example in coughs and sneezes. This study is the first to show that transmission can also occur via […]

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Hormone helps reverse brain damage caused by obesity

The neurobiotechnology research team of the Universitat Jaume I (UJI) in Castellón, Spain, headed by professor Ana María Sánchez, has proven the positive effects of a vegetable hormone, reversing brain alterations caused by high-fat diets, type-2 diabetes, obesity and physical inactivity. The results of this work, developed by the Health Sciences Department, have been published in Molecular Neurobiology. “We have […]

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Study: Improvement in glycemic parameters by adding dapagliflozin to metformin in T2D

Researchers used continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) to assess the effects of adding dapagliflozin to a regimen of either metformin or insulin in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) and found significant reductions in mean glucose and other glycemic factors, with greater improvements seen in patients taking metformin compared to insulin. The design and results of this trial are published in […]

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Scientists develop new technique to heal large ulcers by reprogramming wound cells into skin cells

Plastic surgery to treat large cutaneous ulcers, including those seen in people with severe burns, bedsores or chronic diseases such as diabetes, may someday be a thing of the past. Scientists at the Salk Institute have developed a technique to directly convert the cells in an open wound into new skin cells. The approach relies on reprogramming the cells to […]

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The Children of the 'Saved by the Bell' Cast Are Watching the Show, & We're So Old

If you’re an ’80s babe, you’ve probably watched Saved by the Bell. The sitcom — which followed the fictional lives of Zack Morris, Kelly Kapowski, Samuel "Screech" Powers, Albert Clifford "A.C." Slater, Jessica "Jessie" Myrtle Spano, and Lisa Marie Turtle — was a staple in the late ’80s and early ’90s, and today, it remains a series most of us remember […]

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Research shows it’s possible to reverse damage caused by aging cells

What’s the secret to aging well? University of Minnesota Medical School researchers have answered it- on a cellular level. Aging starts in our cells, and those aging cells can hasten cellular senescence, leading to tissue dysfunction and related health impacts. New research involving University of Minnesota Medical School faculty Paul D. Robbins and Laura J. Niedernhofer, recently published in Nature […]

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‘Undruggable’ cancers slowed by targeting growth signals

As many as 50 percent of human cancer cases—across a wide variety of tissues—involve defects in a common cellular growth signaling pathway. These defects have so far defied most attempts to develop targeted therapies, leading some in the field to conclude that they may be “undruggable.” Now researchers at UC San Francisco and Redwood City-based Revolution Medicines, Inc, have identified […]

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Mental health of teens with disability significantly harmed by peer bullying

Compared to those without a disability, adolescents with a disability have much poorer health and wellbeing, new research has found. They also experience bullying at a higher level than their peers. A University of Melbourne-led Australian study, published in the International Journal of Epidemiology, has found that almost 50 per cent of the poorer mental health of adolescents with disability […]

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