Interaction between two immune cell types could be key to better dengue vaccines, study shows

Researchers at Duke-NUS Medical School have demonstrated for the first time a physical interaction between two types of immune cells that plays an important role in the early fight against dengue virus infection. Dengue virus is widespread in the tropics and is transmitted by mosquitos. Dengue virus infection incidence has grown dramatically in recent years, with estimates suggesting 390 million […]

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Developing a better, faster diagnostic for cryptosporidiosis

Cryptosporidiosis is the leading cause of waterborne diseases among humans in the United States, infecting almost 750,000 people each year, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Globally in 2010, nearly 100,000 cases were fatal. The disease is of particular interest to Dr. Michael Riggs, a veterinarian and professor in the Department of Animal and Comparative Biomedical Sciences […]

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Happy childhood memories linked to better health later in life

People who have fond memories of childhood, specifically their relationships with their parents, tend to have better health, less depression and fewer chronic illnesses as older adults, according to research published by the American Psychological Association. “We know that memory plays a huge part in how we make sense of the world—how we organize our past experiences and how we […]

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Study: Pets help their retired owners fall asleep more easily and feel better about their neighbourhood

Older people who own pets fall asleep more easily and feel consistently more positive about their local environment than those who don’t have animals, according to new research from Kingston University and St George’s, University of London. Health and wellbeing expert Gill Mein conducted the research along with statistician Robert Grant. They found older pet owners take considerably more mild […]

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Discovery could lead to better treatment for leukemia

Previous research has revealed that patients with acute myeloid leukemia who also have a particular mutation in a gene called NPM1 have a higher rate of remission with chemotherapy. About one-third of leukemia patients possess this favorable mutation, but until now, how it helps improve outcomes has remained unknown. Scientists from the University of Illinois at Chicago report on how […]

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Older melanoma patients have better response to immune checkpoint blockade therapy

Patient age correlates with response to immunotherapy in melanoma and depleting regulatory T cells in young patients may have a therapeutic potential to enhance response in younger patients, according to research from The Wistar Institute. Study results were published online in Clinical Cancer Research. Immune checkpoint blockade therapy has been recently approved for treatment of melanoma based on its ability […]

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Preterm newborns sleep better in NICU while hearing their mother’s voice

Hearing a recording of their mother’s voice may help neonates maintain sleep while in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU), according to preliminary data from a new study. About 10 percent of U.S. newborns require treatment in a NICU, which is a noisy environment that could influence the development of newborn sleep patterns. This study explored the possibility that infants’ […]

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WIC participation better among vulnerable, US citizen children whose mothers are eligible for DACA

Results of a study of nearly 2,000 U.S. citizen children and their mothers add to growing evidence of the multigenerational, beneficial effects of the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) immigration policy on children who are citizens, illustrating increased participation in the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants and Children (WIC) among citizen children whose mothers are likely eligible […]

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