Researchers unveil progress and challenges in introducing typhoid conjugate vaccine in Africa/Asia

Each year there are nearly 11 million cases of typhoid, a disease that is spread through contaminated food, drink and water. Researchers at the University of Maryland School of Medicine are leading an international consortium that is studying the impact of a typhoid conjugate vaccine (TCV) in an effort to accelerate introduction of the vaccine in countries in sub-Saharan Africa […]

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Researchers aiming to cure spina bifida get a step closer to their goal

Researchers on the path to finding a cure for spina bifida have identified specific elements in stem cell secretions as key to protecting neurons and ultimately reducing the lower-limb paralysis associated with the birth defect. Those elements are exosomes—vesicles that transfer molecules from cell to cell—and a small carbohydrate-binding protein known as galectin 1. The team will use the results […]

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Remote blood pressure monitoring via smartphone app shows promise

People with both diabetes and uncontrolled high blood pressure who used a smartphone app to monitor their blood pressure remotely, get tips on healthful living and connect with a health coach saw significant declines in their blood pressure within six weeks, according to research being presented at the American College of Cardiology’s 68th Annual Scientific Session. At six weeks, study […]

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Higher intake of whole grains may lower risk for liver cancer

(HealthDay)—Higher intake of whole grains may be associated with a lower risk for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) among U.S. adults, according to a study published online Feb. 21 in JAMA Oncology. Wanshui Yang, Ph.D., from Anhui Medical University in Hefei, China, and colleagues assessed the associations between whole grain and dietary fiber (cereal, fruit, and vegetable) intake and the risk for […]

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Pumping iron could save your life

As far back as Ancient Greece, a sculptured physique has been heralded as the pinnacle of physical perfection. But now, researchers from Japan have found that increased muscle mass doesn’t just make you look good, it could literally save your life. In a study published in Scientific Reports, researchers from Osaka University have revealed that sarcopenia, or the loss of […]

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A new machine learning model can classify lung cancer slides at the pathologist level

Machine learning has improved dramatically in recent years and shown great promise in the field of medical image analysis. A team of research specialists at Dartmouth’s Norris Cotton Cancer Center have utilized machine learning capabilities to assist with the challenging task of grading tumor patterns and subtypes of lung adenocarcinoma, the most common form of the leading cause of cancer-related […]

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Dry eye disease and diabetes: New study reveals scale of issue and need for screening

Credit: Shutterstock Diabetes is a debilitating health condition which is expected to reach epidemic proportions in the next 20 years. According to the World Health Organisation, 108m people around the world had diabetes in 1980; by 2014 that figure was 422m. Three years later in 2017, 425m people worldwide were living with the disease and this figure is expected to […]

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