Study explores carbohydrates’ impact on head, neck cancers

Consuming high amounts of carbohydrates and various forms of sugar during the year prior to treatment for head and neck cancer may increase patients’ risks of cancer recurrence and mortality, a new study reports. However, eating moderate amounts of fats and starchy foods such as whole grains, potatoes and legumes after treatment could have protective benefits, reducing patients’ risks of […]

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Italy: Ongoing hepatitis A virus outbreak among men who have sex with men is linked to current outbreaks in Europe

Hepatitis A viruses (HAVs) circulating in an ongoing outbreak among men who have sex with men (MSM) in the Lombardy region of Italy are predominantly attributable to strains linked to two other recent outbreaks in Europe, according to a study presented today at The International Liver Congress 2018 in Paris, France. The study found that earlier cases in the Lombardy […]

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‘Killer’ kidney cancers identified by studying their evolution

Scientists have discovered that kidney cancer follows distinct evolutionary paths, enabling them to detect whether a tumour will be aggressive and revealing that the first seeds of kidney cancer are sown as early as childhood. The three Cancer Research UK funded studies, published in the journal Cell, shed light on the fundamental principles of cancer evolution and could lead to […]

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Understanding how leukemia and lymphoma cells resist treatment

In a study published in Nature Communications, a team led IRCM Hematopoiesis and Cancer Research Unit director Tarik Möröy reveals how the GFI1 protein sometimes helps leukemia and lymphoma cancer cells evade therapy. This discovery could eventually help orient patients towards more effective treatment by considering the particular characteristics of their disease. In this Q&A, Möröy and his team offer […]

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Anti-epileptic drugs increase the risk of bone fractures in children

New research has shown evidence that anti-epileptic drugs (AEDs) reduce bone density in children and therefore lead to an increase in the number of fractures, if used for more than a year. The study by the Murdoch Children’s Research Institute (MCRI), in conjunction with the Royal Melbourne Hospital (RMH), has prompted experts to highlight the importance of considering side effects […]

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New insight into widespread virus behind birth defects

A Northwestern Medicine study published in Developmental Cell provides new insights into how cytomegalovirus—a common virus in the herpes family—replicates within human cells, and identifies proteins that may be therapeutically targeted to suppress infection. Human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) is widespread around the world, infecting between 60 to 100 percent of all adults. There is currently no cure or vaccine for HCMV; […]

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Mouse study links early metastasis to systemic inflammation caused by wound healing

According to new research conducted in mice by Whitehead Institute scientists, surgery in breast cancer patients, which while often curative, may trigger a systemic immunosuppressive response, allowing the outgrowth of dormant cancer cells at distant sites whose ability to generate tumors had previously been kept in check by the immune system. Taking a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) around the time […]

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Evaluating pediatric leukemia treatment

A drug called dasatinib was found to be safe and effective for children with chronic myeloid leukemia, according to a clinical trial published in the Journal of Clinical Oncology. Based on the findings, the drug has been approved by the FDA and is now available for use in some pediatric patients. The study was co-authored by Nobuko Hijiya, MD, professor […]

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Teachers can help reduce mental health problems in children, study finds

School-based mental health services delivered by teachers and staff can significantly reduce mental health problems in elementary-aged children, according to a new study by researchers at the Florida International University Center for Children and Families. The implications are significant considering approximately 30 to 40 percent of youth in the U.S. will be diagnosed with at least one mental health disorder […]

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