Art is in the eye of the beholder

A researcher from James Cook University in Australia has found that a person’s mental state affects how they look at art. JCU psychology lecturer Nicole Thomas said the same piece of artwork can attract admiration or rejection from different people. “One intuitive explanation is that personality and the way in which we visually examine artwork contributes to our preferences for […]

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AHA: Florida lifeguards helped save man’s life after cardiac arrest

For J.R. Bourne, a day at the beach rekindles good and bad memories. It’s the place where the Jacksonville Beach, Florida, resident died and was brought back to life thanks to fast-thinking first responders and an automated external defibrillator. Back in June 2015, then-40-year-old Bourne was playing soccer on the beach with his friend Luis when he suddenly collapsed and […]

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Punjab, India: Mass treatment of a population with chronic hepatitis C infection produces high rates of cure

A large-scale study evaluating the feasibility of decentralized care and the provision of free direct-acting antiviral agents (DAAs) has reported high rates of cure among a population of almost 20,000 individuals completing treatment for hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. The study conducted in Punjab, India, which was reported today at The International Liver Congress 2018 in Paris, France, validated the […]

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A third of bacterial infections in patients with cirrhosis across the world are multi-drug resistant

A worldwide study initiated to investigate the epidemiology and outcomes of bacterial infections in hospitalized patients with liver cirrhosis has reported a prevalence of multi-drug-resistant (MDR) bacteria of 34% and significant regional differences in the risk of developing a multi-drug-resistant infection. Research teams from 46 centres across the world collaborated in this international study, which was promoted by the International […]

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Study explores carbohydrates’ impact on head, neck cancers

Consuming high amounts of carbohydrates and various forms of sugar during the year prior to treatment for head and neck cancer may increase patients’ risks of cancer recurrence and mortality, a new study reports. However, eating moderate amounts of fats and starchy foods such as whole grains, potatoes and legumes after treatment could have protective benefits, reducing patients’ risks of […]

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Italy: Ongoing hepatitis A virus outbreak among men who have sex with men is linked to current outbreaks in Europe

Hepatitis A viruses (HAVs) circulating in an ongoing outbreak among men who have sex with men (MSM) in the Lombardy region of Italy are predominantly attributable to strains linked to two other recent outbreaks in Europe, according to a study presented today at The International Liver Congress 2018 in Paris, France. The study found that earlier cases in the Lombardy […]

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‘Killer’ kidney cancers identified by studying their evolution

Scientists have discovered that kidney cancer follows distinct evolutionary paths, enabling them to detect whether a tumour will be aggressive and revealing that the first seeds of kidney cancer are sown as early as childhood. The three Cancer Research UK funded studies, published in the journal Cell, shed light on the fundamental principles of cancer evolution and could lead to […]

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Understanding how leukemia and lymphoma cells resist treatment

In a study published in Nature Communications, a team led IRCM Hematopoiesis and Cancer Research Unit director Tarik Möröy reveals how the GFI1 protein sometimes helps leukemia and lymphoma cancer cells evade therapy. This discovery could eventually help orient patients towards more effective treatment by considering the particular characteristics of their disease. In this Q&A, Möröy and his team offer […]

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Anti-epileptic drugs increase the risk of bone fractures in children

New research has shown evidence that anti-epileptic drugs (AEDs) reduce bone density in children and therefore lead to an increase in the number of fractures, if used for more than a year. The study by the Murdoch Children’s Research Institute (MCRI), in conjunction with the Royal Melbourne Hospital (RMH), has prompted experts to highlight the importance of considering side effects […]

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