Breakdown of brain’s visual networks linked to mental illness

Individual regions of the brain have to team up to get things done. And like in any team, the key to working together is communication. Duke researchers used brain imaging to identify how patterns of brain connectivity—the ability of different brain regions to talk to each other—can affect a person’s likelihood of developing common forms of mental illness. Surprisingly, they […]

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Lesbian, bi women more likely to develop T2DM at younger age

(HealthDay)—Lesbian and bisexual (LB) women are more likely to develop type 2 diabetes at a younger age than heterosexual women, with the difference mediated by body mass index (BMI), according to a study published online May 2 in Diabetes Care. Heather L. Corliss, M.P.H., Ph.D., from San Diego State University, and colleagues prospectively followed women participating in the Nurses’ Health […]

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Computer-designed customized regenerative heart valves

Cardiovascular tissue engineering aims to treat heart disease with prostheses that grow and regenerate. Now, researchers from the University of Zurich, the Technical University Eindhoven and the Charité Berlin have successfully implanted regenerative heart valves, designed with the aid of computer simulations, into sheep for the first time. Producing living tissue or organs based on human cells is one of […]

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Interpersonal touch helps people evaluate mistakes

A loved one’s touch might help people perform difficult mental tasks better and deal with setbacks more effectively, according to new research from the University of Dundee. Touch between people is central to communication, socialisation, and wellbeing. Despite this importance, touch is relatively understudied by psychologists compared to other forms of communication. To explore how touch impacts on the ways […]

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A new drug to help young patients with genetic obesity

In a new study, researchers from the Institute for Experimental Pediatric Endocrinology of the Charité – Universitätsmedizin Berlin have successfully treated patients whose obesity is caused by a genetic defect. Aside from its beneficial effects on the patients, the researchers also provided insights into the fundamental signaling pathways regulating satiety of the new drug. The results of this research have […]

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Study links breast cancer to the body’s internal clock

For years, doctors have associated the BRCA1 and BRCA2 gene mutations with an increased risk of breast cancer. But researchers at Texas A&M University have now identified another gene that may have an impact on breast cancer—associated with the body’s circadian rhythm. Texas A&M College of Veterinary Medicine & Biomedical Sciences (CVM) professor Weston Porter and his team have found […]

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Tissue-engineered human pancreatic cells successfully treat diabetic mice

Researchers tissue-engineered human pancreatic islets in a laboratory that develop a circulatory system, secrete hormones like insulin and successfully treat sudden-onset type 1 diabetes in transplanted mice. In a study published by Cell Reports, the scientists use a new bioengineering process they developed called a self-condensation cell culture. The technology helps nudge medical science closer to one day growing human […]

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